Potential Causes of Temporomandibular Dysfunction (TMD):

The following is a list of potential causes for TMD or pain in the jaw. Please keep in mind that this list is not all-inclusive. They are, however, the most common causes of TMJ pain or TMD.

TMJ Synovitis (inflammation of the synovial membrane of the TMJ)
Disc Derangement (TMJ articular disc is either in front of, or behind the condyle of the mandible)
Hypermobile (too much movement within the joint)
Hypomobile (too little movement within the joint)
Bruxism (grinding the teeth)
Muscle Spasms in jaw muscles
Trauma (i.e. from Motor Vehicle Accident)
Poorly fitting dentures
Dental conditions
Arthritis (Osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, etc)
Psychosocial stress
Associated dysfunction of cervical spinal segments

Spokane Chiropractors Dr. Cameron Weishaar and Dr. Troy Holder at Back In Motion Chiropractic are trained to diagnose and treat (or refer if need be) TMJ disorders. Call 509-443-3535 to make an appointment today!

Other TMJ pages:

Related Conditions:

  • Vertigo
  • Tinnitus (ringing in the ears)


Vizniak, N, Carnes M, et al. Quick Reference Evidence-Based Conditions Manual 3rd ed. Professional Health Systems 2009.

Sousa, Thomas. Differential Diagnosis and Management for the Chiropractor 4th Ed. Jones and Bartlett Publishers, LLC 2009.